Indonesia Green Chronicle

Yansen – University of Bengkulu and James Cook University

Archive for the ‘Forestry’ Category

Climate adaptation versus mitigation

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The Jakarta Post, September 4, 2010  The Brunei Times, September 5, 2010

Indonesia seems to be at the crossroads of the climate change issue. On the one hand, we have to stand together with the international community to push the mitigation agenda on decreasing carbon emission levels. This nation, on the other hand, is already facing real problems with regard to climate alteration, especially in the agricultural sector, and it needs prompt adaptation action (see Teddy Lesmana, The Jakarta Post, July 26). Which one has to be prioritized?

Extreme weather for the last couple of months has adversely affected agriculture. The prolonged rainy season devastated many agricultural commodities, such as vegetables and rice, in many regions. The price of those commodities, such as chili, has increased (The Post, July 18). The weather anomaly that has been happening is hypothesized to be linked with the very real and growing threat of climate change. However, adaptation strategies to deal with the problem are still unclear (Kompas, July 19).

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Written by yansenbengkulu

September 4, 2010 at 10:30 pm

RI-Norway partnership: REDD at a crossroads

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The Jakarta Post, August 2, 2010

The reducing emission from deforestation and forest degradation (REDD) initiative finds its real battlefield. After the announcement of the Indonesian-Norway partnership on the forestry sector,  aimed to reduce carbon emissions from this sector, there have been intense debates on the issue. The question is will this scheme significantly contribute to solve forest degradation problems, with minimum harm to other sectors?

The main focus of the debate is the application of a two-year suspension on natural forest and peat land conversions. Even though forest companies also voice their concerns on the plan, the main opposition comes from oil palm plantation operators. This sector is believed to suffer most from the scheme (see Editorial The Jakarta Post, July 5). As Alan Oxley (the Post, July 12) argued, palm oil industries play an important role in poverty reduction.

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Written by yansenbengkulu

August 2, 2010 at 7:37 pm

Don’t mess with mining companies!

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The Jakarta Post, July 8, 2010

After a decline in his popularity, Kevin Rudd was sacked as the leader of Australian Labor Party by his own party parliament members, on June 24. Fears that the party could lose to the opposition in the upcoming elections were reason enough for the party members to appoint another figure as leader. Julia Gillard, who was a deputy prime minister, was thus appointed to replace Rudd. Since the Australian constitution states that the leader of the winning political party is automatically the country’s prime minister, she was directly appointed to be the new prime minister. This was also a historic moment for Australia, because Gillard is Australia’s first female prime minister.

Rudd’s performance in fact can not be rated as unsuccessful. His popularity had remained high until his last couple of months. Rudd was regarded as successful in maintaining Australia’s high economic growth during the recent global financial crisis. His foreign policy, which showed his willingness to embrace the Asian community, was also well received in the region. The apology to the stolen generation of Aborigines was also accepted, even though it is not a finished agenda.

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Written by yansenbengkulu

July 8, 2010 at 10:26 pm

It’s more than about rice and cooking oil

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The Jakarta Post, June 21, 2010

During the environmental expo in Jakarta early this June, Vice President Boediono asked whether “biodiversity loss could affect rice or cooking oil production” (The Jakarta Post, June 5). This is probably a question for many. In the middle of a huge wave of campaigns on biodiversity, a very basic question like this could become a significant obstacle in raising people’s awareness on the importance of species diversity.

We just observed World Environmental Day on June 5, which highlighted the diversity of species on Earth that play crucial roles in the future of this planet. Last month, on May 22, an International Day for Biological Diversity was also celebrated. The UN declared this year as the International Year of Biodiversity, and the conference of parties on the Convention of Biological Diversity will be conducted in October in Nagoya, Japan.

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Written by yansenbengkulu

June 21, 2010 at 8:30 pm

More funds may not mean better forest conservation

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The Jakarta Post, June 11, 2010

President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono was attending the Oslo Climate and Forestry Conference (May 26-27). The discussion on the Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Degradation (REDD) Plus scheme dominated the meeting. Indonesia was hoping this conference would clarify aspects of the REDD scheme, especially the international community’s commitment to support REDD implementation. President Yudhoyono himself then signed an agreement with the Norwegian prime minister on a partnership in the forestry sector.

The ongoing talks on climate change, and the inclusion of combating deforestation as an integral part of global warming mitigation, have created enormous opportunities to fund forest conservation. In this Oslo meeting, developed countries were pledged to increase their commitment regarding REDD financing by up to US$5 billion (The Jakarta Post, May 25).  

Indonesia is also one of the countries to become a pilot for the Forest Investment Program (FIP), one of the programs of the Strategic Climate Fund. The FIP is aimed to help developing countries implement the REDD scheme by programmatic investments, which will hopefully result in significant changes in the forestry sector. The current level of financing available for this program is about $550 million. But the question remains: will these funds be significant for better forest conservation in this country?

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Written by yansenbengkulu

June 11, 2010 at 11:20 pm

Menghadang Krisis Biodiversitas

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Kompas, 5 Juni 2010

“Banyak Spesies. Satu Planet. Satu Masa Depan”. Demikian tema Hari Lingkungan Hidup 5 Juni tahun ini. Tahun 2010 memang dijadikan sebagai tahun kampanye pentingnya biodiversitas. Selain ditetapkan sebagai Tahun Biodiversitas Internasional, pada Oktober mendatang juga akan dilangsungkan pertemuan para pihak Konvensi Keragaman Biologi di Jepang.

Mengapa isu keanekaragaman jenis makin penting? Meningkatnya laju kerusakan lingkungan dan habitat dipercayai sebagai faktor utama menurunnya biodiversitas dunia. Kerusakan habitat yang makin cepat menyebabkan dunia berada pada krisis biodiversitas. Jika lingkungan, terutama ekosistem tropis, terus-menerus dihancurkan, dalam seabad bumi akan kehilangan setengah spesies penghuninya.

”Kita sedang menuju kepunahan keenam!” ujar Richard Leakey (1996). Dalam sejarah, bumi telah melewati lima kejadian kepunahan. Semuanya disebabkan faktor fisik, yakni kejadian bencana dan perubahan iklim. Kepunahan terakhir pada Zaman Cretaceous ditandai dengan hilangnya fauna superbesar, seperti dinosaurus. Saat itu bumi juga kehilangan hampir dua per tiga spesies yang ada. Namun, kepunahan keenam tak disebabkan faktor fisik, tetapi biologis. Manusia sebagai anasir hayati memiliki kemampuan menghancurkan banyak entitas biologis lainnya, yang bisa memicu kepunahan biodiversitas.

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Written by yansenbengkulu

June 5, 2010 at 10:24 pm

Gurita Kejahatan Kehutanan

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Kompas, 5 Mei 2010

Dukungan kepada Satgas Pemberantasan Mafia Hukum untuk memasuki kasus-kasus di sektor kehutanan terus mengalir (Kompas, 27/4). Setelah Presiden Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono memberikan instruksi, Menteri Kehutanan Zulkifli Hasan secara tegas mempersilakan pengusutan tuntas berdasarkan bukti (Kompas, 16/4).

Sektor kehutanan tak pelak seperti anak perawan di sarang penyamun, jadi rebutan. Sektor ini salah satu ladang emas korupsi dan manipulasi. Heboh ”cicak vs buaya” dan makelar kasus yang melibatkan Anggodo bermula dari korupsi di sektor ini. Anggoro, kakak Anggodo, adalah terdakwa kasus korupsi pengadaan sistem komunikasi radio terpadu di Departemen Kehutanan.

Ada banyak jenis kejahatan kehutanan. Luca Tacconi et al. (2003) menyebut, antara lain, (a) pelanggaran hak masyarakat adat dan hak publik, (b) aksi pembalakan kayu secara ilegal yang berkaitan dengan pelanggaran regulasi manajemen hutan dan/atau pelanggaran perjanjian kontrak lainnya terhadap hutan, (c) pelanggaran yang berkaitan dengan perdagangan kayu dan (d) aktivitas finansial ilegal yang mungkin berkaitan dengan pajak dan aspek finansial lain.

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Written by yansenbengkulu

May 5, 2010 at 6:50 pm